Architecture is exhibited in the form of the imposingly elegant and massive Dzongs, structures that were built back then without a single line drawn on paper. Almost all the dzongs in the country lie in spectacularly breathtaking locations on towering ridges.
The castle like dzong with their gently tapering walls, classic lines large courtyards and beautiful galleries, are among the finest examples of Bhutanese architecture. Containing large monasteries inside and set in commanding position on hilltops or at the confluence of rivers, dzongs are also the administrative centres of their districts. But the most common architectural sight in Bhutan are the chortens or stupas which are small shrines built to house sacred relics.
A typical Bhutanese house is usually structured to shelter domestic animals in the ground floor while family occupies the first floor and the attic serves as granary. One prominent feature is its rectangular architectural shape. Moreover, altar (prayer room) finds its place in every Bhutanese home. Building materials consists of bamboo, mud, wood and stones. Iron or metals are limited to its usage as window bar, latches and handle bars.